There are many more weapons in the Aether in addition to the ones from vanilla. The different sword materials have different abilities.
Skyroot Sword: The Skyroot sword Aether equivalent of a Wooden Sword.
Holystone Sword: The Holystone sword is the Aether Equivalent of a vanilla minecraft stone sword.
Zanite Sword: Unlike other Zanite tools, the more the Zanite Sword becomes damaged nothing changes about the speed or damage of the tool.
Holy Sword: This sword deals extra damage to undead mobs (just like the Smite enchantment).
Lightning Sword: When a player hits a mob/player with the sword, lightning is struck on the mob/player.
Flaming Sword: The flaming sword will set the opponent on fire upon landing a hit.
Gravitite Sword: When hitting an entity with it, the entity (mob/player) gets launched in the air for a few blocks.
Valkyrie Sword: Valkyrie Sword Damage; +9 to 11 Damage, +4 Reach, 14% chance to 2x damage
Valkyrie Bow: It takes twice the time to fully charge the bow, but it does twice as much damage as a normal bow.
Phoenix Bow:It fires normal arrows and can be enchanted as can any other tool and weapon. However its arrows will set the target block or entity on fire for a short period of time.
Hammer of Notch: When right clicked, it fires a straight missile in the shape of the head of the hammer. When left clicked, it is used as a mallet to hit enemies
Lightning Knife:When thrown (right-click), they create a single bolt of lightning.